Jiao


Jiao
(offering)
Daoist ritual
Daoist rituals form a central part of festivals on the anniversaries of the local gods (see temple fairs). These rites are now being performed with increasing frequency and complexity in contemporary China, particularly in the south. A Jiao ritual can take many forms, depending on the specific Daoist ritual tradition of each locale. Most share certain basic features, however, such as the laying out of a sacred space, often marked by talismans, and the construction of a portable altar with images of the highest emanations of the Dao, the Three Pure Ones, and other Daoist deities. Within this over-coded and symbolically charged space, a series of rites unfold. First the deities are invited to the altar, and presented with pure offerings of incense, tea, wine and fruit, along with symbolic gifts of great value. Scriptures are recited, in a re-revelation of cosmic symbols of power which is said to generate merit for the community. The principal Daoist master performs mudras, recites words of power, and visualizes an audience with the high gods, before whom he presents a memorial, requesting blessings for the community. Finally, the gods are sent off and the sacred space is deconstructed.
The rites can last from one day to several weeks. Local musical traditions complement more broadly used Daoist hymns. The entire ritual is accompanied by music and percussion, and features dance, elaborate ritual vestments and intricate ritual artifacts. In certain ways, these rites mimic imperial court audiences, but at the same time they may include elements of humour and farce. Divination is frequently integrated into the performance. Depending on local traditions, the rites may take place in a closed temple before community representatives (usually selected by divination) or in open altars. Community offerings are blessed by the Daoist priests before being consumed in great feasts at the conclusion of the festivities.
See also: Daoist music; Gongde
Dean, Kenneth (1993). Taoist Ritual and Popular Cults of Southeast China. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Lagerwey, John (1987). Taoist Ritual in Chinese Society and History. New York: Macmillan.
KENNETH DEAN

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jiao Yu — (Traditional and Simplified Chinese: 焦玉, Wade Giles: Chiao Yü, Hanyu Pinyin: Jiāo Yù) was a Chinese military officer loyal to Zhu Yuanzhang (1328 1398 AD), the founder of the Ming Dynasty (1368 1644 AD). He was entrusted by Emperor Hongwu (洪武) as …   Wikipedia

  • Jiao — ist mehrdeutig. Es bezeichnet: verschiedene Stadtbezirke in China (Jiao bzw. Jiaoqu 郊區/郊区 bedeutet Vorstadt ) den Stadtbezirk Jiao von Jiamusi 佳木斯市 in der chinesischen Provinz Heilongjiang, siehe Jiao (Jiamusi) den Stadtbezirk Jiao von Changzhi… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jiao Ge — (Chinese: 胶鬲; Pinyin: Jiāo Gé) was an official of Shang Dynasty. [See, e.g., The Mencius Vol.2, 12.] He was also a character featured within the famed ancient Chinese novel Fengshen Yanyi. Plot in Fengshen Yanyi Jiao Ge is a Grand Counselor that… …   Wikipedia

  • Jiao — can be: *Jiao (角宿) is a Chinese constellation, see Horn (Chinese constellation). *Jiao (蛟) or Jiaolong (蛟龍) is a Chinese dragon. *Jiao (角) is a unit of currency in the People s Republic of China, one tenth of a Renminbi. *Jiao (教) is also the… …   Wikipedia

  • jiao — JIÁO s. m. monedă divizionară în China, a zecea parte dintr un yuan. (< germ. Jiao) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • Jiao — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Jue ou jiao (角宿) est une loge lunaire de l astronomie chinoise ; Le district de Jiao (郊区) est une subdivision administrative de la province de l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • jiao — /jyow/, n., pl. jiao. a copper zinc coin and monetary unit of the People s Republic of China, the 10th part of a yuan, equal to 10 fen. Also, chiao. [1970 75; < Chin jiao] * * * …   Universalium

  • jiao — 1. noun A currency unit of the Peoples Republic of China, one tenth of a yuan. 2. verb a) cry; shout nǐ jiào shénme míngzi? b) to be comparatively …   Wiktionary

  • jiao — n. subunit of currency in China (10 jiao equal one yuan) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • jiao — noun 10 jiao equal 1 yuan in China • Hypernyms: ↑Chinese monetary unit • Part Holonyms: ↑yuan, ↑kwai • Part Meronyms: ↑fen …   Useful english dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.